The Heads of State and Government of the International Conference on the Great lakes Region meeting in Angola on Monday (May 18) discussed security and humanitarian concerns in the Great Lakes Region with a special focus on the Republic of Burundi, the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of Congo, the Republic of South Sudan and on the growing threat of terrorism in the region. In their final communiqué, rejected direct participation of the troika countries (US, UK and Norway) in the South Sudan mediation; and also rejected the United Nations call for targeted sanctions and an arms embargo on South Sudan. It said UN sanctions, whether targeted sanctions or arms embargo, would be counter-productive and only serve to exacerbate the situation. The communiqué said troika countries should only play the role of observers and should not be directly involved in the peace process. The Summit was attended by South Sudan President, Salva Kiir, and the communiqué said “We, heads of state and government of the International Conference on the Great Lakes region, affirm the sovereignty and legitimacy of the elected government of republic of South Sudan, and commended the government for continuing to seriously engage in the peace talks despite continued violation from SPLM-IO rebels.” They resolved to designate the opposition forces led by former vice president, Riek Machar, as “negative forces.” They urged the SPLM-IO rebels to accept and participate in the formation of the proposed all-inclusive Transitional Government of National Unity as accepted by the Government. The communiqué also called for increased humanitarian assistance for South Sudan from the International Community, and urge the Great Lakes Regional states to mobilize financial and other resources to address the increasing number of internally displaced civilians resulting from the conflict.