The UN Security Council tells South Sudan parties to reach agreement on the Transitional Government Arrangements (Mar 25, 2015)
Following a UN Security Council meeting on Tuesday (March 24), the Council issued a Presidential Statement underlining the seriousness and urgency of the situation in South Sudan and calling on all parties to issue clear orders prohibiting all violations of international humanitarian law and human rights abuses without further delay. The Council, reiterating its strong condemnation of the repeated violations of the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement signed by South Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement –in-Opposition, demanded the parties commit themselves to finding a comprehensive agreement. It expressed its “profound disappointment” that President Salva Kiir, former Vice President Riek Machar and all parties had failed to conclude an agreement on the transitional arrangements as outlined in the 1 February 2015 Areas of Agreement on the Establishment of the Transitional Government of National Unity by the March 5 deadline set by IGAD. The Council reiterated its willingness to impose sanctions against those who threaten the peace, security or stability of South Sudan as laid down in resolution 2206 (2015) establishing a United Nations sanctions regime. These might include an arms embargo and the designation of senior individuals responsible for actions that threatened peace, security or stability. The Security Council commended the work of IGAD for its work in establishing a forum for political and security dialogue and for creating a monitoring and evaluation mechanism for the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement. The Permanent Representative of South Sudan, who addressed the Council, expressed disappointment that the Council had been deliberating on South Sudan without holding more extensive consultations and said South Sudan’s views were seldom reflected in Council documents. He blamed the SPLM for shifting positions and making unreasonable demands, and said sanctions rarely achieved their intended objective and only hardened positions.